# Colloquium abstracts

**Franz Pedit**

University of Massachusetts, U.S.A.

January 24, 2019

**Gradient flows of geometric variational problems: the elastic curve flow**: When considering a variational problem, one is interested in its minimizers, and more generally, its critical points given by the Euler-Lagrange equation. The critical points are typically special geometries -- Einstein metrics, Yang-Mills fields, harmonic maps, elastic membranes etc. -- and one would like to flow a generic initial geometry to a terminal special geometry. This is usually accomplished by considering the gradient flow of the functional under consideration. The definition of the gradient requires a choice of (Riemannian) metric on the domain of the functional, which to a large extent determines the analytical properties of the gradient flow. In this lecture, we will discuss these issues in the simplest example of closed real curves in the Euclidean plane under the influence of the elastic energy, the average squared curvature of the curve. The critical points are the so-called elastica found by Leonard Euler in a beautiful paper of 1744. The usual gradient flow with resp